The roof is covered in photovoltaic panels to produce electricity and thermal solar cells to heat a water boiler.
The outdoor pool is heated using excess heat drawn from inside the house while the sauna (left) uses firewood.
Going off grid does not mean that you have to live in a small, log cabin and have a rustic lifestyle. Norway's Research Centre on Zero Emission Buildings and architecture firm Snøhetta is proving this wrong.
The Research Centre and Snøhetta has teamed up to design a house in Larvik, Norway that uses a variety of sustainable design strategies to create a home that provides both comfort and off-the-grid living. The house was built with solar in mind, ensuring that the panels hit a 19 degree angle in order to maximize hours of direct sunlight.
Other green features in the house is a solar thermal system for heating and hot water, rain collectors for toilets and a garden, and utilizing natural lighting through windows and heating through geothermal energy from underground wells.
The house is expected to generate a grand total of approximately 23,000 kWh of electricity each year from solar panels and collectors, but the home only needs 7,272 kWh. With this additional or leftover electricity, a family can consider adding a wood-heated sauna, heated pool, and an electric car charging station.